Казахский гуманитарно-технический колледж



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General info


Kazakhstan map
Kazakhstan occupies the central part of the Eurasian Continent.
Its territories fall into 40% of deserts, 23% of semi-deserts, 20 of steppes, 7% of forest-steppes and 10% of mountains.
Kazakhstan occupies 2 724 900 m2, it ranks the 9th in size after Russia, China, The USA, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, India and Australia and second among the CIS countries.
The territory of Kazakhstan is bigger than the 12 countries of the European Union taken together. Kazakhstan is divided into 14 regions (administrative).

Currency: Tenge (₸), (KZT)
Largest city: Almaty (1.3 billions)
Official languages: Kazak, Russian
Time zone: West/East (UTC+5 / +6)
Calling code: +7-6xx, +7-7xx

 Geography and Climate
Kazakhstan borders with China (1460km), Kyrgyzstan (980km), Turkmenistan (380km), Uzbekistan (2300km) and Russia (6467km). The total length of its borders is 12187 km. There are 14 administrative divisions called “oblast”, 84 towns including 39 cities, 159 districts called “rayons”, 241 villages.
The country stretches from the lower parts of the Volga river in the West up to the foot of the Altai mountains in the East 3000 km long comprising 2 time zones, from the West-Siberian lowlands in the North to the Kyzylkum desert and the Tian Shan mountains in the South 2000 km long.
The ultimate northern point of Kazakhstan reaches 55°26΄of northern latitude which can be related to the central part of the East European Plain and the South of the British Isles (the latitude of Moscow). The utmost Southern point reaches 40°56΄ of northern latitude which can be related to the Transcaucasia and Mediterranean parts of Southern Europe (the latitude of Madrid and Istanbul).
The climate of the country is mostly sharp-continental. The average Winter temperature is between 19 and 4 C, the average in Summer is between 19 and 27 C. The lowest winter temperature comes up to 45 C, the highest temperature in Summer is +45C.
There are 8,5 thousands big and small rivers in Kazakhstan. The length of seven rivers is over 1000 km. The longest ones are the Ural River and the Emba running to the Caspian sea, the Syr-Daria running to the Aral sea. The upper parts of the Ishim, the Tobol and the Irtysh rivers are on the territory of Kazakhstan.
There are 48000 big and small lakes in Kazakhstan, the biggest of them are the Aral sea, the Balkhash , the Zaisan, the Alakol, the Tengiz and the Seletengiz. The biggest part of the northern and half of the eastern coast of the Caspian Sea (the biggest lake in the world) belongs to Kazakhstan. The length of the Caspian Sea coastline belonging to Kazakhstan is 2340km.
The Fauna of Kazakhstan comprises 155 kinds of mammals, 480 kinds of birds, 150 of fish.
250 herbs used in medicine are found in Kazakhstan. Santonin growing in the South of the country cannot be found anywhere in the world.
   Population and languadges
  The population of the republic is over 17 million people. The density of population in Kazakhstan is 5.5 per 1 km2. The capital is Astana (since 10 December, 1997) with the